SOLA, ABRAHAM DE (1825–1882), rabbi and ḥazzan. Born in London, de Sola was the sixth child of the renowned Dutch ḥazzan David Aaron de sola , leader of the English Sephardim. Abraham graduated from London Jews' College, where he was a student of the Oriental scholar, louis loewe . He immigrated to Canada via New York in 1847 to begin his ministry at Sheerith Israel in Montreal (a position he obtained through correspondence). Until his death in New York, where he was visiting with his sister, he served his congregation with honor and distinction for 35 years. In many of his sermons and scholarly writings, he expressed his views on the reconciliation between the natural sciences and religion. His long association with McGill University, beginning as a Hebrew lecturer in 1848 and later as professor of Hebrew and Oriental Literature from 1853, earned him, in 1858, an honorary doctor of laws degree (the first to be awarded to a Jewish minister in both America and England). He was also elected as an honorary member of the Natural History Society, before which he gave many lectures. In 1878, he completed his revision of the Sephardic liturgy (based on the respective multivolume editions of his father and Isaac Lesser). His prayer books became the basis for the liturgy of Sephardic synagogues throughout North America, until superseded by david de sola pool 's more recent revision in the late 1930s. Like his father and ḥazzanic forebears, whose musical tradition he preserved, he combined "modernism" with "uncompromising Orthodoxy," and mindful of his Sephardi heritage, his life and works served as an "unsurpassed model" well into the 20th century. His writings include Sermons in Manuscript (Canadian Jewish Congress Archives, Montreal); A Jewish Calendar for Fifty Years: Montreal (1854, with Jacques J. Lyons); The Sanatory Institutions of the Hebrews as Exhibited in the Scriptures and Rabbinical Writings and as Bearing upon Modern Sanatory Regulations (1861). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. Miller, Abraham de Sola Papers. A Guide to the Microfilm (Montreal, 1970). (Israel J. Katz (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Abraham de Sola — Alexander Abraham de Sola (September 18, 1825 ndash; June 5, 1882) was a Canadian Rabbi, author, Orientalist, and scientist. Originating from a large renown family of Rabbis and scholars, De Sola was recognized there as one of the most powerful… …   Wikipedia

  • Sola fide — (Latin: by faith alone), also historically known as the doctrine of justification by faith, is a doctrine that distinguishes most Protestant denominations from Catholicism, Eastern Christianity, and most Restorationists in Christianity.The… …   Wikipedia

  • SOLA, DE — SOLA, DE, Sephardi family in Holland, Britain, and North and South America. After 1492 the family dispersed from Spain to Portugal (where some survived as Marranos, were martyred under the Inquisition, or fled overseas), and Holland. From AARON… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham Pereira Mendes — (February 9, 1825, Kingston, Jamaica ndash; April 18, 1893, New York) was an English rabbi and educator. He was the first master of the Beth Limud School of Kingston, but resigned in order to prepare in London, England for the vocation of… …   Wikipedia

  • ABRAHAM — I. ABRAHAM Eremita Aegyptius, grandem (iam defessis aetate parentibus) hereditatem mox habiturus, non exspectavit; sed ut nudus discedens, in solitudine sibi cellam constinut: deinde ills vitâ defunctis, cum ad capiendum tantarum opum pattimonium …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • DE SOLA — DE SOLA, prominent Canadian family in the 19th and early 20th centuries. ABRAHAM DE SOLA (1825–1882), rabbi, author, educator, was born into a London family of limited means. He received his general education at the City of London School and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • David de Aaron de Sola — Portrait of David Aaron de Sola, from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia. David de Aaron de Sola or David Aaron de Sola (1796 – 1860) (Hebrew: דוד אהרן די סולה) was a rabbi and author, born in Amsterdam, the son of Aaron de Sola. When but eleven years… …   Wikipedia

  • AGUILAR, EMANUEL ABRAHAM — (1824–1904), British pianist and composer. Born in London, he was the brother of the novelist, grace aguilar . Aguilar received his musical education at Frankfurt, and his early compositions were performed there with success. In 1848 he gave a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Frederick de Sola Mendes — (Montego Bay, Jamaica, West Indies, July 8, 1850 mdash;1927) was a rabbi, author, and editor.He was the son of R. Abraham Pereira Mendes. He was educated at Northwick College and at University College School, London, and at the University of… …   Wikipedia

  • Spanish and Portuguese Jews — are a distinctive sub group of Sephardim who have their main ethnic origins within the crypto Jewish communities of the Iberian peninsula and who shaped communities mainly in Western Europe and the Americas from the late 16th century on. These… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”